Apples & Pears

We grow varieties developed by the University of Minnesota, heirloom varieties, and cider varieties; and we manage our orchard through minimal intervention.

Apple and pear varieties are organized chronologically from early season varieties to mid- and then late season varieties. To see what's currently available at the orchard, visit our Orchard Updates page, our Facebook page, check our Twitter updates, or look on Instagram

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Centennial Crab

Sweet, small, and cute. Delicious straight off of the tree, but doesn't keep for long.

Released by the University of Minnesota in 1957.

Dolgo x Wealthy

Early season

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Duchess of Oldenberg

Recently discovered to be one of the grandparents of Honeycrisp. Striped, early apple. Extremely winter hardy. "Introduced into the United States from England in 1835, where it had been earlier brought from Russia in the early 1800s," "also known as ‘Borowitsky’, ‘Borovitsky’ and ‘Charlamowski’." (Howard, Nicholas P et al. “Elucidation of the ‘Honeycrisp’ Pedigree through Haplotype Analysis with a Multi-Family Integrated SNP Linkage Map and a Large Apple [Malus×domestica] Pedigree-Connected SNP Data Set.” Horticulture Research 4 [2017]: 17003–. PMC. Web. 26 Jan. 2018. available at



The best early season apple we've ever experienced. Crunchy, sweet-tart, and -- believe it or not -- a decent keeper for a summer apple.

A PRI (Purdue-Rutgers-Illinois) release in 1994. Scab resistant.

Early season

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Deep purple color, striking aroma. Excellent for sauce.

Developed by the PRI (Purdue-Rutgers-Illinois) apple breeding program, but never officially released. Somehow made its way to Wisconsin.

Early season

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Firecracker/Bill's Red Flesh/Scarlet Surprise

An early-ripening variety with a deep red skin and a deep red flesh.

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State Fair

Lovely, simple early apple, timed just right for the -- you guessed it -- Minnesota State Fair. Developed by the University of Minnesota.



Sweet, tart, and juicy -- with Honeycrisp's texture, this apple has it all.

Released by the University of Minnesota in 2009

Honeycrisp x Zestar!

Early season



Extremely sweet with a tricky texture: pick it too early and it doesn't taste as it should or pick it fully-flavored and the texture suffers.

Released by the University of Minnesota in 1999

State Fair x MN1691.

Early season

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Paula Red

Lively acid. Our choice for early season caramel apples.

Discovered in Michigan, but treated like an honorary Minnesota variety.

Early season

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Ginger Gold

A variety out of Virginia that seems to like our orchard's microclimate just fine.

Sweet, crunchy and pleasant, like so many yellow-skinned apple varieties.



Sweet and explosively crisp.

Released by the University of Minnesota in 1991.

Keepsake x MN1627 (Duchess of Oldenburg x Golden Delicious)

Mid season



Minnesotans’ favorite apple before Honeycrisp came along. Tart and a bit savory.

Released by the University of Minnesota in 1922.

Malinda x Wealthy.

Mid-to-late season


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Sweet, crunchy, and pleasant with enough acid to keep it from being boring.

Released by the University of Minnesota in 1935.

Haralson x Golden Delicious

Mid-to-late season



A classic apple, great in nonalcoholic cider with a lovely aroma. Complex, vinous flavor with a good blend of sweet and tart. Like all McIntosh offspring, great for sauce. NY 1898. Ben Davis x McIntosh.

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Ruby Jon

A sport of Jonathan, but hardier and better tasting.

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Wolf River

An apple known for its size. A tricky apple for us to ripen, we're not sure it likes its site here. At its best, the flavor develops in the direction of grocery store wrapped caramels.

Mid season


Fireside/Connell Red

Lower acid and less juicy, but no less delicious. An old-fashioned favorite. Developed by the University of Minnesota.

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Bonnie Best

Best for what? Best for pie! Discovered by Bonnie Keehn in the 1980’s from Cooksville, WI. Creamy flesh, tangy, full-flavored.





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Golden Russet

The Golden Russet variety is highly disputed, with many varieties being called "Golden Russet" but only one that is true to the variety. Is ours one of the true Golden Russets? We may never know. 

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Airlie Red Flesh (formerly misidentified by us as Scarlet Surprise)

Late season red-fleshed variety. Oregon, 1960.

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Prairie Spy

Notable for the density of its flesh and its pleasantly tart flavor. An excellent keeper, routinely keeping into April and May if kept in good conditions. 

MN 1940.

Unknown parentage.

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Northern Spy

One of our very favorite apples: excellent for fresh eating, baking, and cidermaking. A late bloomer and a late ripener.

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A small, curious apple with yellow flesh that is purported to improve with time in storage. Keepsake is just about the latest apple we pick. A parent of Honeycrisp. Developed by the University of Minnesota in . Northern Spy x MN447 (Frostbite).


Red Free

A scab-resistant variety that's never quite made it onto our "favorites" list. Ripens so early that our customers only taste it in its liquid form.

Kingston Black

A cider variety, known as being well-suited for a single-variety cider.


McIntosh sport


A favorite child of McIntosh.

NW Greening

A Granny Smith for northern climes. NW Greening ripens late and is an old favorite for pie. Cooks up dry, so not a great choice for sauce, but an excellent choice for a tart. Not usually a favorite apple for eating, but a favorite in culinary uses. WI 1872. Golden Russet x Alexander.

Egremont Russet

One of our cider varieties


Developed by the University of Minnesota


One of our cider varieties


A scab-resistant variety out of New York.

Apricot Apple

An amazing apple that is barely marginal in our climate, the Apricot apple has a russeted skin and a true apricot aroma and flavor.

Chestnut Crab

Developed by the University of Minnesota


Minnesota's first apple variety. Developed by Peter Gideon in Excelsior in 18xx.


An apple of some renown for its late-keeping abilities.